Dental Bridges are a solution applicable in dentistry in the absence of one or more teeth. Therefore, they are an alternative resource to the placement of Dental Implants. However, they are not the same. In this article, we explain everything you need to know about this type of dental prosthesis and its price.
What is a Dental Bridge?
A Dental Bridges is a dental prosthesis that is used to replace one or more missing teeth in the mouth. Normally, the teeth adjacent to the area where the tooth(s) are missing must be lowered and subsequently fixed with an adhesive cement.
The most common materials are porcelain metal or zirconium. Lately, this is the most used material because aesthetically it follows the contour of the tooth and we prevent a dark edge from appearing on the upper part of the bridge (corresponding to the metal).
When is it necessary to place a dental bridge?
The use of dental bridges is a treatment of choice when the alternative of implants is not viable.
Likewise, they are also necessary when the adjacent pieces that will support the bridge have been subjected to root canal treatment.
What types of dental bridges exist?
The type of dental bridge is determined based on the type of material used for its manufacture. Also, the location in which it is placed. According to this, there are three main types of dental bridges.
Fixed Dental Bridge
It is also known as a traditional bridge. As its name mentions, it is one of the most used bridges in dentistry. The material used to make the fixed dental bridge is porcelain. However, there are bridges that combine metal and porcelain.
This type of prosthesis is fixed and is placed using crowns on each tooth that functions as an abutment. Fixed dental bridges are durable, which represents an important advantage for replacing missing teeth.
Removable Dental Bridge
Removable dental bridges are prostheses that can be removed from the mouth for daily cleaning and care. They are attached to the teeth using an interlocking system or a metal bar.
These types of bridges are temporary. In addition, they are a good alternative to a fixed dental bridge. Likewise, they are proposed as a long-term option for people who are not candidates for fixed dental bridges or dental implants.
They can also be used as a temporary replacement alternative while waiting for dental implants to be placed.
Maryland Dental Bridge
A Maryland dental bridge is a type of fixed dental bridge that is attached to the teeth using two or more metal crowns. Its advantage is that it does not require lowering adjacent teeth. They are held by fins on the inside of the teeth and are especially indicated when a front tooth is missing, especially in the incisors.
Maryland dental bridges are used when there is not enough solid tooth structure to support a traditional dental bridge. They can also be used when the teeth adjacent to the missing tooth space are too small or too weak. That is, when they are not able to support the crowns that support a traditional bridge.
It is also indicated in patients with periodontal disease who have adjacent teeth with little bone support or mobility. This type of bridge, in addition to avoiding lowering the pieces, allows us to reinforce the rest of the teeth where it is supported (as they are all joined together).
How is a Dental Bridge Placed?
The process of placing a dental bridge depends on the type of bridge being placed. In general, the process usually includes the following steps:
- Dental exam and evaluation : The dentist will examine the teeth and gums. Additionally, it evaluates the condition of the teeth behind the area where the teeth are missing to determine if they are suitable to support a dental bridge. He also analyzes the shape of your mouth and chewing to determine the type of dental bridge that would be most suitable.
- Tooth preparation : If a fixed dental bridge is to be placed, it is necessary to prepare the adjacent teeth. In this case, a layer of tooth enamel is removed to make room for the crowns. If you are having a Maryland or removable dental bridge placed, your teeth may not need to be prepared.
- Taking impressions : today it is done with an intraoral scanner, which provides a better fit and greater comfort for the patient, since it is not necessary to use pastes that cause retching in some people.
- Temporary denture placement – While waiting for the bridge to be ready, a temporary denture is placed to protect the prepared teeth. In addition, it allows the patient to chew and speak normally.
- Bridge Placement – Once the bridge is ready, the dentist will place it in your mouth and adjust it to ensure it fits properly. If it is a fixed dental bridge, it is sealed with dental cement to prevent it from moving or falling out. If it is a removable dental bridge, it is attached to the teeth using an interlocking system or a metal bar.
How long can a Dental Bridge last?
The length of time a dental bridge lasts varies depending on various factors. First of all, you have to consider the type of bridge. On the other hand, it depends on the quality of dental work and oral hygiene. However, dental bridges can typically last 10 to 15 years if properly cared for.
It is important to keep in mind that proper tooth care is essential to ensure the longevity of the dental bridge. For this, it is necessary to maintain daily tooth brushing and use a soft-bristled toothbrush.
Also, use dental floss to remove plaque and tartar from between your teeth and under the bridge. In addition, it is essential to attend follow-up appointments with the dentist to evaluate the condition of the bridge.
How much does it cost to get Dental Bridge?
Finally, it remains to mention the price of dental bridges. The general cost is diverse, since it has a lot to do with the type of prosthesis that is placed and other aspects. However, let’s take as reference the recovery of a single tooth, which is a common procedure.
The price varies depending on the material used and ranges from $500 to $1,500 per tooth depending on the type of porcelain used.
The difference between these two processes is that the tooth bridge is based only on crowns. For its part, the implant-supported bridge requires the installation of dental implants.