You have recently had a tooth removed or are planning on having a tooth removed, and your dentist has suggested dental implant surgery. Despite the various dental implant procedures available, traditional dental implants continue to be highly beneficial to replace missing teeth; however, there are various other options. It is advised that you speak with your dentist regarding these options so you can make an informed decision.
What Exactly Are Dental Implants?
A dental implant is a secure, permanent, and fully functional method for replacing a missing tooth. The implant is a mechanical device designed as a substitute for the missing tooth. It functions as an artificial tooth root on which a bridge, denture, or dental crown can be inserted.
What Is Dental Implant Surgery?
1. A Thorough Oral Examination
One of the most significant issues to ensure the long-term success of any dental implant is the quality of bone in which it is placed. A dental specialist will examine the jaw to determine if the quality and quantity of bone in the area for the implant is adequate. A location for the implant will be examined to ensure it is far from the surrounding anatomical structures. Finally, the bone tissue needs to be evaluated to ensure they are free of all pathologies.
All dental professionals will take 3D images or photographs of the teeth and jaw to identify whether or not there is an adequate amount of healthy jaw bone. Using these items, a professional can identify deficiencies in the mouth.
Placing a dental implant into the jaw is a surgical procedure, and it is for this reason that a local anesthetic needs to be utilized (potentially with a sedative or general anesthetic).
4. Identification Of The Position And Placement Of The Implant
When the bone has been accessed, the dental professional will utilize a series of drills, each increasing in size, to prepare the hole into which the implant will be positioned. It is at this point that you will have a gap where the tooth is missing. Dentures, bridges or crowns can be placed to fill the gap.
What Are The Various Types Of Dental Implant Surgical Procedures?
According to the American Academy of Implant Dentistry, there are two primary types of dental implants:
1. Endosteal Dental Implants
The endosteal implants are created using titanium and are shaped similarly to a small screw. This implant is positioned directly into the jawbone. When the gum around the implant has healed, a second surgical procedure is recorded to place a post. Finally, the artificial tooth or teeth are mounted onto the posts.
2. Subperiosteal Implants
The subperiosteal implants are positioned below the gum or above the jawbone. This implant consists of a metal frame that is placed on the jawbone below the gum tissue. As the tissue heals, the metal frame attaches itself to the bone. The posts are attached to the metal frame and will protrude from the gums eventually.
If you are missing more than a single tooth, it is recommended that you speak to one of our dental professionals at any of our offices. We can examine your teeth and provide suggestions on the best option for your needs.