Periodontitis is also known as periodontal disease. It starts with bacterial plaque growth in the mouth and if not treated the gums deteriorate, which results in surrounding attachment loss and can ultimately lead to tooth loss.
In the earliest stages of gingivitis, there can be plaque buildup causing the inflammation. Gingivitis or gum inflammation, if not treated in office and taken care of with proper oral home care, may proceed to periodontitis. The bacteria in plaque can cause swollen gums or lead to gums that bleed easily when brushing or flossing your teeth. Even though your gums might be irritated, with proper brushing and flossing techniques and frequent cleanings, inflammation can be decreased and bone loss can potentially be avoided.