Bacterial plaque is the main cause of gum disease. Other factors might also stimulate periodontal disease. Hormonal changes which during menopause, puberty, pregnancy, and monthly menstrual cycles can have an effect on the health of your gums and progress to the development of gingivitis.
The condition your gums are in can also be affected by illnesses. HIV and cancer are two diseases that hinder your immune system, leading to gums that are more susceptible to gingivitis and periodontal disease. Patients with diabetes are also at elevated risk for cavities, periodontal disease, and developing diseases, given their body’s impacted ability to process blood sugar.
Certain medications can also impact oral health due to the decrease saliva flow, which typically protects the gums and teeth. In fact, a few medications can also trigger abnormal gum tissue growth. These would include anti-aging drugs like Adalat or Procardia or the anticonvulsant Dilantin.
Smoking weakens your immune system and the bodies ability to fight off gum disease. Smoking can result in oral cancer and it is essential to have frequent cleanings and checkups by dental specialists to ensure Oral Cancer Screenings are performed.
It’s also much easier for gingivitis to develop if you have poor oral hygiene habits such as failing to brush and floss twice daily. A family history involving dental disease is also a risk factor for developing gingivitis. Regular dental cleanings and appointments with your Chagger Dental hygienist, helps prevent plaque build-up and establish a healthy oral care routine. In addition to a professional cleaning, an appointment with one of our Chagger
Dental specialists will help determine any risk factors and underlying health conditions that can lead to tooth decay or other related conditions.