Periodontitis is also known as periodontal disease. It starts with bacterial plaque growth in the mouth, and if not treated, the gums deteriorate, resulting in surrounding attachment loss and ultimately leading to tooth loss.
In the earliest stages of gingivitis, there can be plaque buildup causing inflammation. Gingivitis or gum inflammation may proceed to periodontitis if not treated in the office and taken care of with proper oral home care.
The bacteria in plaque can cause swollen gums or lead to gums that bleed easily when brushing or flossing your teeth. Even though your gums might be irritated, with proper brushing and flossing techniques and frequent cleanings, inflammation can decrease, and bone loss can be avoided.